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About Municipality

History of Municipality and Municipality Place

 LOCATION :

  Located in the Thiruvannamalai of the state. The town is situated at a distance of 96 kms to the North - East of Chennai and at the intersection 79o35’ eastern longitude and 12o4’ northen latitude.

            River Cheyyar, originating from the Javvadhu Hills and flowing through the Southern side in the easterly direction.

            Spread over an area of 10.76 sq. kms. With a population of over 35,201, the economy of the town revolves around the manufacture of  Cotton lungies and Sarees products.

            The hot and dry climate prevailing in the region has been one of  the various factors contributing to the growth of the hosiery industry in the town. 

Key Events of Thiruvathipuram Growth 

Year

Event

1962

 Cheyyar  bridge constructed.

1983

Selection Grade Town Panchayat has been upgraded into Third grade Municipality. .(G.O Ms No.506 RD&LA Dept. Dt.31.03.1978)

1985

Municipal Councilors elected by the public through election.

1995

Construction of Bus Stand under IDSMT  & IUDP Scheme.

2002

New Water Scheme from Cheyyar River Bed through TWAD Board.

2003

Construction of Council Hall & Computer Room under 11th Finance Commission.

 Growth of Thiruvathipuram : 

Thiruvathipuram started off as a small union and became a town with the inclusion of Koda Nagar,Baruthipuram and Thiruvathur Villages.  One of the earliest activities of the Thiruvathipuram Municipality was the setting up of a Cotton lungies and Sarees products.

2.  DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS 

Population Growth Trends 

Owing to the rapid industrialisation, Thiruvathipuram has grown at a rate of 24.51 % during past two decades.  While the overall development patterns concentrated in the central area, the areas along the northern side of the  River Cheyyar have grown rapidly.

Population Growth 

  Year

Population

1951

14411

1961

15386

1971

19274

1981

25067

1991

31210

2001

35201

 

Density : 

            Population density of Thiruvathipuram has been normal increase.  Spread over an area of 10.76 sq. km. the city has a density of 3270 persons/sq.km. With rapid growth of population, the density rose to 2336 persons/sq.km in 1981 and to 2900 persons/sq.km by 1991. 

Population Density 

  Year

Density in  Sq.Km

1971

19274

1981

25067

1991

31210

2001

35201

 Literacy Rates

Literacy levels of Thiruvathipuram have always been higher that District literacy levels.  With a total literacy rate of 62.55% in the year 1991, the city has shown substantial increase to the 40.30% literacy levels in the year 1971. 

3.  ECONIMIC BASE 

The economy of the town is concentrated around the Cotton lungies and Sarees products.

In terms of work force, the participation ratio has increased from 35.80 % of the total population in 1971 to 37.22% in 1991.   Of the work force the secondary and tertiary sector constitutes 58.12% and 38.14% respectively. 

Occupational Pattern of Thiruvathipuram 

Category

2001

Primary Sector

17750

Agriculture

17750

Mining, etc.

0

Secondary Sector

3525

HH Industry

0

Manf, other than HH

0

Construction

3525

Tertiary Section

13926

Trade & Commerce

600

Trsp & Comm.

5250

Other Services

8076

Total

35201

 Industries

            Operations of Cotton and Lungies allied industries are predominant in Thiruvathipuram.  Around 50 small  scale industries are located in the town. 

Industries in Thiruvathipuram 

Category

Number

Weaving Mills

30

Others

20

Total

50

  

STRATEGIES 

Considering the industrial character of Thiruvathipuram, Economic development strategies need to be framed which ensure sensitive, integrated and progressive development. These strategies will be sustainable in order to create employment in the Thiruvathipuram Town  and to ensure that all development projects are co-ordinated in a timely and effective manner.

Thiruvathipuram Municipal Council (TMC) will strive to provide services and efficient land use plan to facilitate economic growth of the city, through specific strategies enlisted below. 

Land Use and Growth Management 

Local Planning  Area. 

Rapid industrialisation of Thiruvathipuram has attracted extensive changes in the development process.  The migration of rural population to the city, conversion of agriculture lands for non-agricultural uses are some of the major changes in the city’s growth.

Land Use in the LPA-1993

Use

Area in km

Residential

1.15

Commercial

0.10

Industrial

0.08

Education

0.09

Public & Semi Pub.

0.26

Traffic & Transpottation

0.32

Agricultural

8.76

Total

10.76

 Proposed Land Use -2011

Use

Area in km

Residential

2.25

Commercial

0.14

Industrial

0.15

Education

0.09

Public & Semi Pub.

0.26

Agricultural

7.87

Total

10.76

                        The industrial land use in 1993 was around  4 % of the developed area and the master plan stipulates a use of around 7.5 % of the developed area by the year 2011. 

           

Copyright © 2005 by Department Of Municipal Administration And Water Supply