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About City

Palani is the headquarters of the Taluk in Dindigul District. Its importance is mainly due to the location of the Temple of “ LORD MURUGA ” ( Subramanya ) Today it is a major pilgrim centre of South India next to Tirupathy and Sabarimalai.

Palani is one of the 38 heritage towns identified by the Government of Tamil Nadu. Out of which 11 towns are prioritized for assessing the developmental needs keeping pilgrims and tourists as the main beneficiaries. Besides being an important religious centre, the town also functions as Taluk head quarters with a Population of 67231 as per 2001 census covering an area of 6.63 sq. kms. More than two thirds of the population are literate.

This town has a floating pilgrim population of about 10000 to 12000 during normal days and about 5 to 10 lakhs during special religious festival days.

The Town has 18 Lodges with 739 rooms 1248 beds, 34 Choultries with 109 rooms with a capacity of 10100 persons . There are 46 Kalyanamandapams apart from 4 Devasthanam choultries and 73 various caste madams.

The other general details of the town are noted below.

Palani Town generate nearly 40 MT of Solid wastes ( at the rate of 500 gms per capita generation) per day. Out of this in an average 39 MT of waste is being collected per day. The collection efficiency of existing mechanism manages to collect around 97% of the total waste generated in the town. A special cleaning programme to clear the left out waste is carried out once a week. Details of vehicles used in the collection system are shown in table “C”.)

FEATURES AND INFORMATION OF THE TOWN

I. Physical features / Location.
Palani is situated in Dindigul District, in between Dindigul and Pollachi SH 10 Road. Palani linked with all important towns of both Tamil Nadu and Kerala states.
Palani is situated 120 KM northwest of Madurai, 54 Km west of Dindigul and 105 Km south east of Coimbatore.

Accessibility
Express buses of state corporation of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka links Palani town with other major Parts.

Palani is easily accessible by Rail too. Palani is an important station on Dindigul – Coimbatore section of southern Railway Train services are available to Rameswaram, Madurai, Coimbatore, Dindigul and Palghat.

Other Physical features
Besides Palani Temple Hill lock, the other land marks are Idumban hills, Vaiyapuri Tank and Sirunayakan kulam Tank etc., In addition, there are several temples, Chatrams, mandapams and lodges situated in the Town.

Religious land marks
1. Prime Hill Temple
2. Thiruavinankudi Temple
3. Periya nayakiamman Temple
4. Shanmuganathi group of Temples
5. Idumban Hill
6. Vishnu Temple
7. Temple of lord Vinayaga.

Trade and Commerce

Since Palani Situated on the Foot hills of western ghats. Vegetable like, Carrot, Cauliflower, Patato and beefroot are produced and marketed.
Commercial activities concentrated on Adivaram and bazar roads.

PALANI’S HERITAGE
Palani the name derived from the word “ Pazam – Nee “ used by lord shiva to console his son lord Subramaniya According to Sthala Purana ” the legend of the place, sage Agasthya created the hill Sivagiri on which the shrine stands. After doing penance the sage went to Kailash to visit lord Siva, Mean- while on Mount Kailasa, Lord Shiva had offered fruit. “Pomegranate “ to one of his two sons. Subramaniya and Ganesa, who could travel around the world quicker. Subramaniya moved on the peacock with great speed. But Ganesha walked slowly around their parents and he claimed that as Siva was all in all. By going round Siva he had traveled around the world and won the Contest. Siva agreed with his claim and gave him “ Pomegarnate” Subramaniya Completed journey and returned, he got very angry when he hearted how his brother had outwitted him.

He left kailasa and Come down south. It is here ( Palani ) his father found him and consoled him by saying “ Pazam – Nee ” ( thyself a fruit ) . Thus the Town got the name – PALANI.

Festivals and Fairs
From time immemorial, Palani town enjoyed the patronage of kings. It was sancified by the penace of grate sages and glorifed by immortal poets.
Because of its unique natural environment, spiritual and traditional rituals, the Hindu way of life flows undisturbed and thousands of pilgrims are attracted to Palani Town.

The Major festivals of Palani are
1. Panguni Uthiram
2. Thaipusam
3. Skantha shasti
4. Akni Naksathram and
5. Thirukkarthigai.

Transportation Linkages
There are only two major communication system in the Palani town viz. roads and railway. The State Highway No.10 the Dindigul – Coimbatore road passes through the town. The other main through traffic roads are Dindigul road Old Dharapuram road and New Dharapuram road. These roads had become the main arterial for development since they pass through the centre of the town. The toal length of the road within the town is 40.908 kilometres. The Palani town is connected by Railway with the rest of the country. The metre gauge railway line from Rameswaram connects other improtant towns like Madurai, Dindigul and Coimbatore.

OCCUPATIONAL PATTERN
The working population constitutes 31.25% of the total population and majority of them are engaged in tertiary activities i.e. 66% in Tourism and Trade related activities. Secondary Sector is the second important activity and nearly 24% of the total workers are engaged in business and related allied activities. Only 10% of the total workers are engaged in Primary Sector especially in Tea Plantations and Agriculture activities.

TOURISM
Maximum number of tourists are visiting the temple in the months of March, April,May,October,November & December also during the five declared festivals of Thaipoosam, Agni Natchathiram, Thiru Karthigai, Kanda Sashti, Panguni uthiram. The tourist inflow to Palani is around 40,00,000 per annum. .

ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT
The Municipal Council headed by the Chairman ( Political wing) and the Commissioner ( administrative wing ) performs the general Administration of the town. The town was constituted as a Municipality on 1st April 1886, with 33 wards.

PHYSICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERS
Hill ranges of Palani, Idumban hillocks and Vaiyapuri tanks are the important physical features of the town, Rising to the height of 137.16m, the palani hill ranges are 320.56m above the sea level.

The hill temple can be reached on foot by a flight of 697 steps and also by another hill road known as the elephant hill path.

CLIMATE
The climate of Palani is generally hot. The maximum temperature ranges from 37.11°C during summer to 29.20°C during winter season with corresponding average minimum temperature at 25.59°C and 21.11°C respectively. The hot weather lasts from March to June.

The average annual rainfall is about 760 mm

With predominant winds in Southwest and Northeast directions, wind speeds in Palani were observed to be about 6.2 Kilometer/hour.

ECONOMY AND INDUSTRY
The rich fertile agricultural and hilly tracks in the palani region provide a good base for agricultural activities. Around 15.74% of work force in the town is involved in agricultural activities. There are no major industries in Palani other than a very few service industries like rice and oil mills.

Temperature
The maximum temperature during summer is 37.11 degree celsious and that during winter is 29.29nC. The corresponding average minimum temperature are 25.59 c and 21.11 degree celsus. The hot wheather lasts from March to June.

Rain Fall
The average annual rainfall is about 760 m.m.Though Palani is an off-shoot of the western ghats,its climate is different.It gets a fair share of both monsoon but north east monsoon contributes major portion of the rain fall.

Nature of Soil
The soils of the land are mostly black.It is fertile and good for cultivation.