is the headquarters of the Taluk in
Dindigul District. Its importance is mainly due to the location
of the Temple of “ LORD MURUGA ” ( Subramanya ) Today
it is a major pilgrim centre of South India next to Tirupathy and
is one of the 38 heritage towns identified by the Government of
Tamil Nadu. Out of which 11 towns are prioritized for assessing
the developmental needs keeping pilgrims and tourists as the main
beneficiaries. Besides being an important religious centre, the
town also functions as Taluk head quarters with a Population of
67231 as per 2001 census covering an area of 6.63 sq. kms. More
than two thirds of the population are literate.
This town has a floating pilgrim population of about 10000 to 12000
during normal days and about 5 to 10 lakhs during special religious
The Town has 18 Lodges with 739 rooms 1248 beds, 34 Choultries with
109 rooms with a capacity of 10100 persons . There are 46 Kalyanamandapams
apart from 4 Devasthanam choultries and 73 various caste madams.
The other general details of the town are noted below.
Palani Town generate nearly 40 MT of Solid wastes ( at the rate
of 500 gms per capita generation) per day. Out of this in an average
39 MT of waste is being collected per day. The collection efficiency
of existing mechanism manages to collect around 97% of the total
waste generated in the town. A special cleaning programme to clear
the left out waste is carried out once a week. Details of vehicles
used in the collection system are shown in table “C”.)
FEATURES AND INFORMATION OF THE TOWN
I. Physical features / Location.
Palani is situated in Dindigul District, in between Dindigul and
Pollachi SH 10 Road. Palani linked with all important towns of both
Tamil Nadu and Kerala states.
Palani is situated 120 KM northwest of Madurai, 54 Km west of Dindigul
and 105 Km south east of Coimbatore.
Express buses of state corporation of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka
links Palani town with other major Parts.
Palani is easily accessible by Rail too. Palani is an important
station on Dindigul – Coimbatore section of southern Railway
Train services are available to Rameswaram, Madurai, Coimbatore,
Dindigul and Palghat.
Other Physical features
Besides Palani Temple Hill lock, the other land marks are Idumban
hills, Vaiyapuri Tank and Sirunayakan kulam Tank etc., In addition,
there are several temples, Chatrams, mandapams and lodges situated
in the Town.
Religious land marks
1. Prime Hill Temple
2. Thiruavinankudi Temple
3. Periya nayakiamman Temple
4. Shanmuganathi group of Temples
5. Idumban Hill
6. Vishnu Temple
7. Temple of lord Vinayaga.
Trade and Commerce
Since Palani Situated on the Foot hills of western ghats. Vegetable
like, Carrot, Cauliflower, Patato and beefroot are produced and
Commercial activities concentrated on Adivaram and bazar roads.
Palani the name derived from the word “ Pazam – Nee
“ used by lord shiva to console his son lord Subramaniya According
to Sthala Purana ” the legend of the place, sage Agasthya
created the hill Sivagiri on which the shrine stands. After doing
penance the sage went to Kailash to visit lord Siva, Mean- while
on Mount Kailasa, Lord Shiva had offered fruit. “Pomegranate
“ to one of his two sons. Subramaniya and Ganesa, who could
travel around the world quicker. Subramaniya moved on the peacock
with great speed. But Ganesha walked slowly around their parents
and he claimed that as Siva was all in all. By going round Siva
he had traveled around the world and won the Contest. Siva agreed
with his claim and gave him “ Pomegarnate” Subramaniya
Completed journey and returned, he got very angry when he hearted
how his brother had outwitted him.
He left kailasa and Come down south. It is here ( Palani ) his father
found him and consoled him by saying “ Pazam – Nee ”
( thyself a fruit ) . Thus the Town got the name – PALANI.
From time immemorial, Palani town enjoyed the patronage of kings.
It was sancified by the penace of grate sages and glorifed by immortal
Because of its unique natural environment, spiritual and traditional
rituals, the Hindu way of life flows undisturbed and thousands of
pilgrims are attracted to Palani Town.
The Major festivals of Palani are
1. Panguni Uthiram
3. Skantha shasti
4. Akni Naksathram and
There are only two major communication system in the Palani town
viz. roads and railway. The State Highway No.10 the Dindigul –
Coimbatore road passes through the town. The other main through
traffic roads are Dindigul road Old Dharapuram road and New Dharapuram
road. These roads had become the main arterial for development since
they pass through the centre of the town. The toal length of the
road within the town is 40.908 kilometres. The Palani town is connected
by Railway with the rest of the country. The metre gauge railway
line from Rameswaram connects other improtant towns like Madurai,
Dindigul and Coimbatore.
The working population constitutes 31.25% of the total population
and majority of them are engaged in tertiary activities i.e. 66%
in Tourism and Trade related activities. Secondary Sector is the
second important activity and nearly 24% of the total workers are
engaged in business and related allied activities. Only 10% of the
total workers are engaged in Primary Sector especially in Tea Plantations
and Agriculture activities.
Maximum number of tourists are visiting the temple in the months
of March, April,May,October,November & December also during
the five declared festivals of Thaipoosam, Agni Natchathiram, Thiru
Karthigai, Kanda Sashti, Panguni uthiram. The tourist inflow to
Palani is around 40,00,000 per annum. .
The Municipal Council headed by the Chairman ( Political wing) and
the Commissioner ( administrative wing ) performs the general Administration
of the town. The town was constituted as a Municipality on 1st April
1886, with 33 wards.
AND GEOGRAPHICAL CHARACTERS
Hill ranges of Palani, Idumban hillocks and Vaiyapuri tanks are
the important physical features of the town, Rising to the height
of 137.16m, the palani hill ranges are 320.56m above the sea level.
The hill temple can be reached on foot by a flight of 697 steps
and also by another hill road known as the elephant hill path.
The climate of Palani is generally hot. The maximum temperature
ranges from 37.11°C during summer to 29.20°C during winter
season with corresponding average minimum temperature at 25.59°C
and 21.11°C respectively. The hot weather lasts from March to
The average annual rainfall is about 760 mm
With predominant winds in Southwest and Northeast directions, wind
speeds in Palani were observed to be about 6.2 Kilometer/hour.
ECONOMY AND INDUSTRY
The rich fertile agricultural and hilly tracks in the palani region
provide a good base for agricultural activities. Around 15.74% of
work force in the town is involved in agricultural activities. There
are no major industries in Palani other than a very few service
industries like rice and oil mills.
The maximum temperature during summer is 37.11 degree celsious and
that during winter is 29.29nC. The corresponding average minimum
temperature are 25.59 c and 21.11 degree celsus. The hot wheather
lasts from March to June.
The average annual rainfall is about 760 m.m.Though Palani is an
off-shoot of the western ghats,its climate is different.It gets
a fair share of both monsoon but north east monsoon contributes
major portion of the rain fall.
The soils of the land are mostly black.It is fertile and good for