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Udhagamandalam, popularly known as Ooty, is the capital of Nilgiris District.   The District, as the Blue Mountain, is the Horticulturist’s delight and  a Tourist Resort.  Dotted with Tea and Coffee plantations and inhabited mostly by the Badagas along with the ancient tribes like Todas, Kotas, Kurumbas, Panias and Irulas.  Udhagamandalam town is located along the State Highway, Nagapattinam - Gudalur - Mysore (NGM) on the top of  Nilgiris Group of Hills.  It is nestled at an altitude of 2240 meters above Mean Sea Level  and spread out at 11.24 degrees North  latitude and 76.44 degree longitude.  Temperature ranges between 10 degrees and 25 degrees Celsius during summer and 0 degree Celsius and 21 degree Celsius during winter.  The total area of the town is 30.36sq.km and its population  is 88422 as per the 2011 Census.     Having located at Western Ghats, the town gets heavy rainfall during both  the  South-West and North-East monsoons.  The average rainfall of this town is 1100 mm per annum.

                    Unknown to the outer world other than  tribal populations, the popular Hill resort, originally known as “Ottakkalmandu”, which means village of a single stone, was  found by  Sir John Sullivan, the then Collector of Coimbatore District, way back in the year 1819.  Admired by the Beauty and Serenity of the place, Sir John Sullivan,   started  regular camping at the hills. Later in the year 1822  he constructed the first Government  building at the hill station, which was known as ‘Stone House’.  Thus began the settlement by the people from the plain, in this popular Hill station.  Sir John Sullivan was also the main Architect behind the formation of Ooty Lake in the year 1824-25, by constructing a bund across the stream running through the town from the east towards the west.  Originally  the  Lake had an area of about 24 hectres, whereas it has now shrunken to half the area. 

                   Udhagamandalam town, popularly known as the Queen of Hill stations, is unique for its elevation, natural beauty and tourist spots and also well known for its salubrious climate, is one of the most favorite destinations amongst the Tourists in India and abroad