Gudalur Municipality, one of the Major towns in West TamilNadu and is located at 52 km from Ooty in the hilly terrain of Nilgris district. It is situated at the junction of Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka states. It is located at a longitude of 76°30’ E and a latitude of 11°30’ N and lies at an altitude of about 950m above MSL. Gudalur is also a Taluk Headquarters and is located at 150 Km from Coimbatore City. The National Highway NH-67 Nagapattinum – Coimbatore – Gudalur – Mysore is passing through this town. Gudalur town is also connected with other major town’s viz., Mysore, Calicut, Sultanbethery, Coimbatore, Erode by state Highways and National Highways.

The Extend of the Municipality is 47.71 sq.km. This Municipality carried out of 21 Wards. The taluk of Gudalur lies within the Nilgiris mountain range and is the meeting point of the Eastern Ghats with the Western Ghats, at a lower altitude than Ooty and closer to the borders of Karnataka and Kerala. Besides Muthumalai Wild Life Sanctuary is a National Park, 6 Kms from Gudalur, (The reception office is at Theppakkadu 17 Kms) known for its varieties habitats ranging from tropical evergreen forest, moist deciduous forest, moist teak forest, dry teak forest and swamps, etc. It is also rich in wild life like Elephant, Guar, Tiger, Panther, Spotted Deer, wild boar, etc., Birds like Minivets, Fairy blue birds, Jungle Fowls and reptiles like Phython, Lizard and Flying Lizard also are plenty here. This Wild Life Sanctuary extends over an area of 321 Sq. Kms at the junction of the three states of Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Kerala.

Udagamandalam town popularly known as Ooty, The Queen of Hills, and an international as well as national renowned tourist Hill station is just 52km away from this town. With extensive forest cover and at the meeting point of the two monsoons, the area receives a tremendous amount of rainfall - an estimated 1900 - 2000 mm per year. The town of Devala in Gudalur taluka is known as "the second Cherrapunji", for no other town in India - and possibly the world - rivals it for annual rainfall. The main occupation of the people is agriculture based activities viz. in Paddy, Tea, Pepper, Rubber, Coffee, Cardamom, Plantain and Ginger Plantations.

The average altitude in the Nilgiris is between 1500 and 2000 metres, with hill peaks reaching up to 2300 m. The native vegetation of the Nilgiris is grasslands on the mountain peaks, shola forests in the valleys between them, and evergreen forest on the middle slopes below. In the lower hills, this evergreen forests tapers off to open forest, and, near the plains, scrub jungle. According to 1997 statistics, roughly 61 percent of the Nilgiris' land area is covered by forest. Gudalur lies at the level of the evergreen forests, and in earlier years was a densely forested area.

Nambalakotta Temple is ancient Temple which located at 4 Kms from Gudalur.There is a shrine of Betterayasamy (Lord Shiva in the form of a hunter) Part of it is built in Kerala Style. According to local legend, Arjuna (Mahabharatha) is supposed to have made penance (Thapas) and received the pasupthasadharam which was a very powerful weapon in the Kuruchetra war.

Gudalur Mosque is also located in Old Bus Stand, Gudalur Town.

The Church which has built by British government is located in upper Gudalur is also an ancient church.





Needle Point Rock View Point is 8 Kms on the Gudalur Ooty road and the view point gives you a 360 degree view. The sunset from here on clear day is guaranteed to take your breath away.A panoramic view of Mudumalai Wild Life Sanctuary and Gudalur town far below is a visual treat from this view point. The Frog Hill View is also located 11 Kms away from Gudalur on the way to Ooty. One can see the frog shape of the hill.

The Nilgiris, and Gudalur taluka in psarticular, is the watershed for a large number of major rivers, including the Moyar, Chaliyar, Kabini, and the Pandiyar-Punnampuzha. Many of these go on to become tributaries for the river Kaveri. According to one local estimate, a total over 100 rivers or streams flow out of the Gudalur area. In addition, Gudalur forms a major part of the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve, and borders Bandipur, Mudumalai, Nagarhole, Wayanad and Mukurthi. Local endangered species include the lion-tailed macaque and the Nilgiri tahr, and the Gudalur region is a migration route for elephants.
Gudalur's population is a mix of Sri Lankan Tamil repatriates (mostly Dalits), Malayalis, Tamils, and adivasi communities. Six adivasi communities, including the Paniyar, the Kurumbar, the Irula, the Mullukurumar, and the Kattunayakans, reside in the taluka's boundaries.

Climate Condition
The normal rainfall is 2300 mm per annum. While 75% of the rain is received during the South west monsoon, (June to August) and Northeast monsoon (October to November) contribution of North east monsoon is only 15% to the total of rainfall and 8% of the rains are received during the hot weather and 2% during the winter.

Max. temperature (°C) 19 - 30      22 - 30
Min. temperature (°C)   7 - 18      10 - 20
Relative humidity (%)  70 - 90      42 - 82

The weather is mainly dry during January -March and the moisture content gradually increases there on under the influence of south west monsoon. The wind direction is mainly west and south west.

Soil Condition
The wide occurrence of charnockite or of Nilgiris gneiss rocks are acid one. True peat forms in the hallows on the Nilgiris due to the growth and decomposition of mass as in temperate climate. The soils vary markedly even within a small area.
The average physical and chemical constituents of the Nilgiris soils
I. Physical constituents
1.  Sand                      45.8%                         2.  Silt                                     12.4%
3.  Clay                       34.8%                         4.  Organic Carbon               0.7%
5.  pH                          4.5
The climatic conditions of Gudalur sub division are well suited for growing sub tropical and temperate crops. The upland (slope) are ideal for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, spices crops like pepper, cardamom, ginger, clove, nutmeg and tuber crops like tapioca etc. In valleys, crops like paddy, banana, ginger, sugarcane are being cultivated. The other Horticulture crops grown are mandarin orange, arecanut, coconut, guava, lime, cashew and mango here and there. Of late in the Rice fallows cultivation of tropical vegetables, Banana are gaining importance, pepper forms a major component in the multitier cropping in tea and coffee Plantation.

The total area of Gudalur and the neighboring town of Pandalur is approximately 124,800 acres. In medieval times, before the arrival of the British, the area was divided between three rulers: Vallavanoor, the leader of the Panniyas, Nelliarasi, another adivasi ruler, and the Nilambur Kovilagam, a kingdom based in present-day Kerala. Subsequently, the Kovilagam decided to expand its borders by conquering the other two areas. Vallavanoor was killed and Nelliarasi kidnapped and forced to hand over her lands. Despite some resistance from Vallavanoor's community, the Kovilagam succeeded in subjugating the area and taking approximately 100,000 acres under its control. In modern times, the recognized extent of the Kovilagam's holdings was 80,087 acres under the Malabar Tenancy Act, until 1969 (see below). This area is known as 'janmom' land.


On December 18, 1845, the Kovilagam leased part of this land to Manjushree Plantations.Over the years, nine other major estates (and several smaller ones) were given leases on the rest of the land, so that by 1969, approximately 50,000 acres were leased out in this fashion. The leases given were perpetual (for 99 years), and as a result the Kovilagam retained direct control over only a small portion of the Janmom area. The estate lands were used for tea, coffee, and other cash crops, though a significant part (in most estates the majority) remained under forest and natural vegetation. At a later date, the breakdown of estate lands was as follows:

Table 1

Cultivated Area
Underdeveloped Area
Woodbriar Estate
Sussex Estate
Rousdanmalai Estate
Non Such Estate 
Malayalam Plantation
Periya Sholai  
Co-op. CWS   
TeaEstates India
Manjushree Plantation

Copyright © 2007 by Department Of Municipal Administration And Water Supply